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N.E. Chemcat Corporation Licenses Brookhaven Lab’s Electrocatalyst Technology for Fuel Cells in Electric Vehicles

(From left) Brookhaven National Laboratory chemists Kotaro Sasaki, Radoslav Adzic, Jia Wang, and Miomir Vukmirovic work on the recently licensed electrocatalysts using a new electron microscope in their laboratory.

(From left) Brookhaven National Laboratory chemists Kotaro Sasaki, Radoslav Adzic, Jia Wang, and Miomir Vukmirovic work on the recently licensed electrocatalysts using a new electron microscope in their laboratory.

UPTON, NY — N.E. Chemcat Corporation, Japan’s leading catalyst and precious metal compound manufacturer, has licensed electrocatalysts developed by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory that can reduce the use of costly platinum and increase the effectiveness of fuel cells for use in electric vehicles. In addition, the license includes innovative methods for making the catalysts and an apparatus design used in manufacturing them.

Platinum is the most efficient electrocatalyst for fuel cells, but platinum-based catalysts are expensive, unstable, and have low durability. The newly licensed electrocatalysts have high activity, stability, and durability, while containing only about one tenth the platinum of conventional catalysts used in fuel cells, reducing overall costs.

The electrocatalysts consist of a palladium or a palladium alloy nanoparticle core covered with a monolayer – one-atom thick – platinum shell. This palladium-platinum combination notably improves oxygen reduction at the cathode of a hydrogen/oxygen fuel cell. This type of fuel cell produces electricity using hydrogen as fuel, and forms water as the only byproduct.

Radoslav Adzic, the Brookhaven Lab senior chemist who led the team that developed the catalysts, said, “We are delighted that N.E. Chemcat Corporation has licensed our platinum monolayer electrocatalyst technology. We hope that it will facilitate the development of affordable and reliable fuel cell electric vehicles, which would be very beneficial for the environment since they produce no harmful emissions. Also, the use of nonrenewable fossil fuels for transportation that contribute to global warming would be greatly reduced, prolonging their availability for other uses in the future.”

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science and its Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy funded research that contributed to these licensed technologies. Besides Adzic, those who contributed to the research include Brookhaven chemists Jia Wang, Kotaro Sasaki, and Miomir Vukmirovic, and postdoctoral fellows Junliang Zhang and Yibo Mo

January 3, 2012 - 2:37 PM No Comments

Turkey’s first hydrogen boat produced

ISTANBUL – Hürriyet Daily News

The boat’s energy source is supplied by hydrogen tubes and the only waste produced is steam. Nearly 700,000 Turkish Liras was spent on the project. AA photo
The boat’s energy source is supplied by hydrogen tubes and the only waste produced is steam. Nearly 700,000 Turkish Liras was spent on the project. AA photo

Istanbul Technical University (İTU) presented their eco-friendly boat “Martı” (Seagull) at a press meeting yesterday in Istanbul.

Turkey’s first hydrogen boat was produced over four years by a student organization and funded by university and other organizations, such as Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).

“This boat is able to cruise for 10 hours while using only 5 kilograms of hydrogen, which is five times cheaper than gasoline. But our main aim is to motivate our society to use clean energy,” said project coordinator Dr. Filiz Karaosmanoğlu. The maximum speed of the vehicle is 13 kilometers per hour.

Nearly 700,000 Turkish Liras was spent on the project. The boat’s energy source is supplied by hydrogen tubes and the only waste produced is steam.

İTU Rector Dr. Muhammed Şahin said the boat would be operated in the Golden Horn soon between the Rahmi Koç Museum and main wharfs in the area.

“We are waiting for Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to launch the boat,” one of the students said.

January 3, 2012 - 9:00 AM No Comments

China waives sales tax on locally made EVs, fuel cell cars

BEIJING (Reuters): China will waive sales taxes on electric and fuel cell cars made domestically by firms like SAIC Motor and BYD, the finance ministry said on Saturday, in its latest initiative to shore up the country’s fledgling green car market.

A total of 49 domestically made models, including the Sale electric car developed by SAIC’s car venture with General Motors and two electric cars made at Volkswagen’s two Chinese car ventures, will be exempted from sales taxes, the ministry said in a statement on its website (www.mof.gov.cn).
Other models include vehicles made by Warren Buffett-backed BYD, Chery Automobile, Geely Automobile Holdings as well as fuel cell cars made by FAW Group, among others.
Beijing has declared the electric vehicle industry a top priority, earmarking $1.5 billion a year for the next 10 years to transform the country into one of the leading producers of clean vehicles. Buyers of locally made electric cars are also eligible for government subsidies of up to 120,000 yuan ($19,100) per vehicle. Imported models such as GM’s Chevy Volt are excluded from this policy.

However, demand for electric cars remains weak in China due to the high cost, limited range and lack of charging facilities.

January 3, 2012 - 7:22 AM No Comments