French Minister Nicolas Hulot Announced that France would be a world leader in hydrogen. Through the French Environment & Energy Management Agency (ADEME) the government of France plans to allocate €100 million next year to support the nation’s hydrogen industry.
The plan that he calls " plan Hydrogène” Minister Hulot plans to create a domestic hydrogen industry and a carbon free industrial sector.
Starting in 2019, the " plan Hydrogène” proposes that ADME will initilally devote €100 million ($116.6 million) for the first deployment of hydrogen in industry, mobility and energy.
Minister Hulot said, "Hydrogen can become one of the pillars of a carbon-neutral energy model. This molecule, which contains a lot of energy , will become indispensable the extent of its properties: it can store electricity, power cars, to recycle CO 2 , to make industrial processes cleaner.
He continued, "France is at the forefront of this sector, and I want to give it the means to maintain its lead in the heart of an already fierce global competition because it is an asset for our energy independence but also a huge source of jobs. The H2 plan must be the impetus that will set in motion this sector of excellence to democratize, in the long term, the uses of this energy in our daily lives.”
The main aspects of the plan are to have 5,000 light commercial vehicles and 200 heavy vehicles (buses, trucks, TER,
The measurement of the Hydrogen Plan
Create a carbon-free industrial sector
N ° 1: Set specific objectives for hydrogen in industrial uses:
- 10% decarbonated hydrogen in industrial hydrogen by 2023
- between 20 to 40% by 2028.
N ° 2: Set up by 2020 a system of traceability of H2, forming part of the European framework under discussion (revision of the Energy Directive renewable).
N ° 3: Ensure the highlighting of the environmental impact of hydrogen in the greenhouse gas regulations, which will allow to differentiate hydrogen according to its mode of production:
Develop renewable energy storage capacities
N ° 4: Quickly launch experiments in isolated territories. The electrolysers are able to provide immediate services to the networks and an additional outlet for energy development renewable .
N ° 5: Identify the services rendered by hydrogen, to give them a value. For the continental metropolis, RTE and ENEDIS will have the mission to identify the value services rendered to the network by electrolysers and existing or put in place to value this type of service.
N ° 6: Identify the needs for hydrogen storage for each non-hazardous area interconnected. EDF SEI (EDF subsidiary in the island territories) and ADEME are responsible for characterizing for each non-interconnected zone the services that can be electrolysers to enable the communities concerned to their multiannual energy programs specific measures and objectives concerning storage and hydrogen.
N ° 7: Determine the technical and economical conditions of injection acceptable hydrogen for the networks. In order to prepare the arrival of the process "Power-to-gas" which allows the conversion of electricity from energy renewables, gas carriers and distributors will have to determine these conditions technical and economic. An interim report is expected by the end of 2018.
Develop zero emission solutions for road transport, rail, fluvial, etc.
N ° 8: Deploy territorial ecosystems of hydrogen mobility on the basis of in particular fleets of professional vehicles:
- 5,000 light commercial vehicles and 200 heavy vehicles (buses, trucks, TER, ships) and the construction of 100 stations fueled by hydrogen produced locally by 2023 ;
- from 20 000 to 50 000 light commercial vehicles , 800 to 2000 heavy vehicles and from 400 to 1000 stations by 2028 .
N ° 9: Support the development of a range of heavy road vehicles but also for other modes: boats, aeronautical trains . Calls to Expressions of interest using existing tools to support innovation will be launched.
N ° 10: Support the deployment of territorial fleets, hydrogen vehicles (trucks, commercial vehicles, buses ...), on the basis of the hydrogen produced in the industrial priming phase.
N ° 11: Launch a parliamentary mission by the end of the first half of 2018 especially to estimate the place of hydrogen in the rail and identify the locks to lift.
N ° 12: In order to support projects, ADEME will have a pilot mission to the State, which consists of guiding the promoters of projects, especially for regulatory or financing, structuring and managing deployments of hydrogen ecosystems and to ensure a coherent role for topics related to hydrogen.
N ° 13: Continue the important work already done to clarify the regulations on safety and risk prevention. By mid-2018, a framework specific regulatory framework for service stations distributing hydrogen will be in place.
N ° 14: Educate and accompany the creation of an international center for qualification - certification of H 2 high-pressure components for mobility road transport, aeronautics, maritime, river, railway.
Hydrogen is a gas whose properties offer energy advantages that will become indispensable for the ecological transition:
➢ Storage: Hydrogen can be produced by electrolysis from water and electricity, and then be stored which allows to store electricity in the form of gas ;
➢ Electricity: By using it in a fuel cell, hydrogen is transformed into electricity and water, which allows it to be used as a clean fuel for cars without emission of pollutants or CO 2 ;
➢ Green gas : it can be injected into the gas network , mixed with methane;
➢ CO 2 capture : Hydrogen can couple with CO 2 to make methane of synthesis, which can be used like normal gas: it allows to use gas carbon dioxide that escapes from certain plants and reuse it in gas;