On Wednesday, March 2nd 2016, the São Paulo Metropolitan Urban Transport Company, EMTU/SP, an institution of the Government of the São Paulo State, started the operation of 2 fuel cell hybrid buses with passengers in São Bernardo do Campo.
EMTU is the transit authority of 5 metropolitan regions of the São Paulo State, which is formed by 133 municipalities and attends a population of 29, 1 million inhabitants.
The fuel cell buses are operating on the segregated bus corridor “São Mateus- Jabaquara (ABD)”, along the line 287-P, from the terminal Santo André to Piraporinha, in Diadema, operated by the privat bus operator Metra. It has 45 km and transports in average 300 mil passengers daily, connecting 5 municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of the São Paulo, with 9 metropolitan terminals, 5 tranfer stations, 156 bus stops and a fleet with 302 vehicles.
Three Brazilian Fuel Cell Buses have built by a Project, implemented through a partnership among the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Ministry of Mines and Energy, the Brazilian Cooperation Agency ABC and the São Paulo Metropolitan Urban Transport Company EMTU/SP, which is the national project coordinator.
The financing resources for the project implementation have been given by the Global Environment Facilities (GEF) and the Brazilian Financing Agency of Studies and Projects (FINEP).
A Consortium formed by the following companies: Ballard Power Systems, BR Petrobras, EPRI International, Hydrogenics, Marcopolo and Tuttotrasporti, market leaders in their segments, have designed and integrated four fuel cell hybrid buses (one prototype and 3 new buses) and a hydrogen production and refueling station based on electrolysis, which is located at the EMTU/SP garage in São Bernardo Campo, São Paulo.
Tribute to the Brazilian Fauna
With the objective to link the environmental friendly technology of the fuel cell buses and of the hydrogen station to the Brazilian Fauna, the bus bodies have been painted with birds representing different Brazilian regions. The first bus is the Ararajuba, bird of the Amazon represents the northeast regions. The second bus is the Tuiuiú, bird symbol of the Pantanal, a swampland, represents the middle east of Brazil, and the third bus is called Sabiá Laranjeira, represents the south and southeast regions and is considered one of the forth Brazilian National symbol.