In focus: opportunities through mobility with hydrogen and fuel cells
On 7 March, a high-level delegation headed by Steffen Bilger, Parliamentary State Secretary to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and Federal Government’s coordinator for freight and logistics, visited the Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Baden-Württemberg (ZSW) in Ulm .
The group included Ronja Kemmer, CDU member of the German Bundestag. Thomas Kienle, group chairman of the Ulm CDU city association and other local councils of the CDU city council faction.In addition to the latest trends and results from hydrogen and fuel cell research at the ZSW, the project “HyFab-Baden-Württemberg – Research Factory for Fuel Cells and Energy Systems” developed in cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE) in Freiburg and other actors from science and industry Hydrogen “in the center of the meeting. The project aims to strengthen the supply industry and create an open, flexible supply that can be used to develop and test fast, automated fuel cell manufacturing and quality assurance processes.
The federal government’s climate protection plan foresees greenhouse gas reductions of about 40 percent in the transport sector by the year 2030 – with further increases in passenger and freight traffic. Mobility with fuel cells can make an important contribution here: compared to internal combustion engines, the use of hydrogen in fuel cells increases energy efficiency and reduces pollutant emissions. Fuel cell vehicles have a comparable range and similar short tank times such as petrol and diesel vehicles. They are therefore ideal for touring limousines, delivery vehicles and city buses. Refueling is by emission-free hydrogen, which can be produced by electrolysis from green electricity and water.
Germany is on an equal footing with Asia in hydrogen and fuel cell technology. However, the industrialization of fuel cell production is still at an early stage. Industrialization is needed as it promotes more cost-effective vehicle deployment and offers enormous potential for both the necessary CO 2reduction in transport and national added value.
Currently, the market launch of the first fuel cell production vehicles and the construction of the hydrogen infrastructure including petrol stations is taking place. By 2025, around 260 H₂ filling stations worldwide are to be expanded to 3,500 stations worldwide, 600 of them in the USA, 830 in Asia and 2,000 in Europe. Germany plans to expand its current 50 stations to 400 by 2025. The number of fuel cell vehicles is expected to increase from around 6,500 today to more than 300,000 worldwide.