H2-Industries and LR are working together on developing standards for all-electric vessels powered by emission-free Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) technology.
At the Monaco Yacht Show, H2-Industries and LR announced a collaboration on safety standards for all-electric vessels based on the innovative LOHC power storage technology.
The project is seeking to obtain Approval in Principle for the use of LOHC technology on ships. This covers the refuelling of ships with LOHC, the storage of the energy carrier on board as well as the process of power generation onboard of the vessel.
The new LOHC energy storage technology has allowed the full-electric drive to be used for all types of vessels and is revolutionising the shipping industry. LOHC technology allows hydrogen to be stored chemically bound and electrical energy to be released on demand. The charged LOHC+ is efficient, non-explosive and has low flammability.
LOHC technology from H2-Industries enables the safe storage of hydrogen as well as the safe and efficient operation of fuel cells onboard. It converts the hydrogen released from the LOHC into electricity, which is then used on the vessel for propulsion and onboard power. Thanks to the LOHC system, the ship can now be powered by a silent and vibration free electric motor, meaning that diesel engines will soon become a thing of the past. This will make emission-free navigation possible, with complete elimination of CO2 and NOx emissions as well as particulate matter and soot.
In addition, H2-Industries’ LOHC technology is also compatible with existing infrastructure. The oily substance can be stored and transported in exactly the same way that diesel is transported. Time consuming charging processes as would be required when using batteries are also eliminated. With the LOHC system, energy can not only be fuelled in the same way as diesel, but the substance can also be charged with hydrogen as often as required.
"The collaboration between Lloyd's Register and H2-Industries marks a milestone in the development of emission-free shipping," said Michael Stusch, founder and CEO of H2-Industries SE.
LOHC TECHNOLOGY TURNS HYDROGEN INTO A SECURE POWER STORAGE TECHNOLOGY
The innovative solutions from H2-Industries make the use of highly explosive hydrogen gas in power storage technology simple, safe and effective. LOHC technology makes it possible to store, transport and release large quantities of electricity in an environmentally friendly and completely harmless way.
Munich, September 2018 – Hydrogen is the ideal energy source. It is also easy to produce using renewable energy and is available in large quantities. No pollutants result from it being burned.
Building on this, H2-Industries developed a solution that revolutionises the electricity market. The innovative LOHC storage technology makes it completely safe to handle hydrogen as an energy source. Large quantities of hydrogen can now be stored, transported and re-used without risk.
The LOHC technology is based on liquid organic hydrogen carriers, an organic oil-like substance that binds hydrogen chemically. Various substances would be suitable for this; H2-Industries uses dibenzyltoluene, whose physicochemical properties are very similar to diesel. The chemical storage of hydrogen in the LOHC makes it possible to store it under ambient pressure (p = 1 bar) and at a normal temperature (T = 20 °C). Another advantage is that the stored hydrogen is not volatile and, therefore, it cannot self-discharge. The LOHC can be charged and discharged with hydrogen as often as needed.
Hydrogenation of the LOHC
The energy storage solutions from H2-Industries work by charging (hydrogenation) and discharging (dehydrogenation) the LOHC, whereby the charging and discharging are two independent processes. The special catalyst technology developed in collaboration with one of the leading research institutes in the field – the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis (LIKAT) – is of particular importance.
The chemical process for storing hydrogen in the LOHC is performed under pressure. This allows an electrolyser to deliver the hydrogen directly, rendering additional energy-intensive compression unnecessary. The chemical reaction in which the hydrogen is bound in the LOHC takes place in a hydrogenation unit with a bed of porous noble metal catalysts and metered LOHC. This exothermic reaction heat releases heat, which is further utilised in downstream processes. Finally, the hydrogencharged LOHC+ (perhydro-dibenzyltoluene) is pumped into the storage tank.
Dehydrogenation of the LOHC
The hydrogen in the charged LOHC+ is recovered at a temperature of 250 to 300 degrees Celsius. This endothermic reaction requires heat, which is provided within the reaction process. The release process takes place in a dehydrogenation unit with a catalyst. Here, the chemical bond between the energy source and the hydrogen is once again released. The hydrogen is removed from the reactor as a gas and converted directly into electricity in a fuel cell. The discharged LOHC- (dibenzyltoluene) is stored in a tank until it is needed again. The LOHC cycle is closed.
One litre of LOHC stores one kilowatt hour of electricity and one kilowatt hour of thermal energy in the form of hydrogen. Reconversion via a fuel cell makes the electrical energy available once again. The advantages of the LOHC technology from H2-Industries are impressive. It is safe and environmentally friendly, has unlimited storage capacity, and is rechargeable and stable for long periods of time. It is also compatible with the existing infrastructure and its price is unrivalled: the electricity-to-electricity storage price is 3.5 cents.
In combination with wind or solar energy systems, the LOHC technology from H2-Industries will ensure the energy transition is safe, as it makes renewable energy baseload capable.
H2-Industries develops innovative, effective and environmentally friendly LOHC energy storage solutions. The company was founded in 2010 by entrepreneur Dipl.-Ing. Michael Stusch and is headquartered in Munich. Research, development and production are located in North Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern).
The products from H2-Industries make it possible to produce hydrogen with any (renewable) source of electricity and to store it chemically and safely at ambient pressure and temperature in the oil-like liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC). LOHC-bound hydrogen can be easily transported and released again when needed. LOHC technology makes it possible to store large amounts (up to several terawatt hours) of electricity safely and cheaply for the first time. This allows H2-Industries to make renewable energy available everywhere, 24/7.
The aim of H2-Industries is to industrialise LOHC technology, thus establishing hydrogen as a safe energy source for the future.