Since its inception on 7 July 2021, and with the support of the Government of China and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the International Hydrogen Energy Centre (IHEC) has been promoting the development of hydrogen energy, including through the world’s largest demonstration project – jointly led by IHEC and Beijing Sinohytec – of hydrogen fuel cell commercial vehicles during the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics as more than 850 hydrogen fuel cell buses were used to transport athletes and officials with 9 green hydrogen refueling stations built in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province. In total, the buses operated over 3.2 million kilometers and consumed around 200 tons of green hydrogen, which saved an estimated 2,000 tons of carbon.
Another IHEC flagship programme, which was developed with the Shuimu Mingtuo Group and Hualu, is the establishment of the International Hydrogen Energy Metallurgy and Chemical Demonstration Zone, which is the world’s first comprehensive demonstration project on green hydrogen production and its applications for the metallurgical and chemicals industries. The zone’s construction in Baotou, Inner Mongolia, is planned to start at the end of 2022 and should start its official operations in 2025.
The feasibility study report was completed in close cooperation with ThyssenKrupp Technology (Shanghai), the General Electric Power Planning and Design Institute, and Aerospace Changzheng Chemical Engineering. The research and engineering design of the green ammonia is under development in close cooperation with Rhine Technology (Shanghai), TUV (Germany) and Hualu Engineering Technology.
The demonstration zone is intended to promote the formation of a green and low-carbon chemical industry chain and achieve comprehensive carbon neutrality in the metallurgical and chemical industries. The annual capacity of green hydrogen is expected to be 300,000 tons derived from building the country’s largest 5-million-kilowatt wind power generation and 1.5 million kilowatt photovoltaic power. China’s first set of 2×550,000 tons of direct reduced iron will be built using green hydrogen as a reducing agent. At the same time, using green hydrogen and air-captured nitrogen as raw materials, the project will produce an annual production capacity of 1.2 million tons of green ammonia synthesis.