Fuel Cell Vehicles: EU Must Act to Build up Much Needed Hydrogen Infrastructure
Brussels—IRU joined the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) and Hydrogen Europe in calling for accelerated deployment of hydrogen refuelling infrastructure across the EU, in order to meet ambitious decarbonisation targets set for road transport.
In a statement issued today (Full press release below), the three organisations urge the European Commission, European Parliament, and European Council to provide the right framework to support the roll-out of hydrogen infrastructure across Europe.
This implies revising the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (AFID) to include hydrogen infrastructure and set mandatory targets for long-distance transport and commercial vehicles; creating a hydrogen ecosystem across the continent; deploying funding to aid hydrogen projects and initiatives; and ensuring the hydrogen industry is operating in a supportive regulatory environment.
Road transport operators across Europe have embraced ambitious CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets. However, investment in new technology will be required in order to meet them, especially with demand in the freight and passenger sectors set to grow by 60% and over 40% respectively by 2050.
Hydrogen fuel cell technology – using sustainably produced hydrogen – is an attractive proposition compared to battery-electric and complementary to CNG and LNG solutions for long-distance trucks and coaches due to its favourable energy content and operational flexibility for transport operators.
The news comes as IRU launched a new initiative to test hydrogen trucks and gather important data for the industry in cooperation with a European consortium of truck manufacturers, fuel cell suppliers and logistics companies. The H2Haul project will gather data for 5 years from a fleet of 16 heavy goods vehicles of up to 44 tonnes, operated by suppliers of supermarket chains in Switzerland, France, Germany and Belgium. Innovative hydrogen refuelling infrastructure will be installed at test locations to reliably and efficiently supply these trucks.
FUEL CELL VEHICLES: EU MUST ACT TO BUILD UP MUCHNEEDED HYDROGEN INFRASTRUCTURE
Brussels— The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA), Hydrogen Europe and the International Road Transport Union (IRU) are jointly calling on European policymakers to ramp up investments in EU-wide hydrogen refuelling infrastructure for fuel cell electric vehicles.
Fuel cell vehicles can contribute positively to the overall decarbonisation agenda of the EU. With zero tailpipe emissions, they help reduce CO2 from road transport while improving air quality for European citizens. Advantages of hydrogen technology include short refuelling time and a long driving range, as well as a vehicle weight and load-carrying capacity that are comparable to conventional vehicles.
Unfortunately, hydrogen refuelling infrastructure is severely lacking in Europe today, putting at risk the development of this innovative zero-emission solution. In addition, incentive schemes for renewable and low-carbon hydrogen mobility are much needed to make it affordable.
In the side-lines of yesterday’s Hydrogen for Climate Action conference – organised by the European Commission (DG GROW) and Hydrogen Europe – ACEA, Hydrogen Europe and IRU came together to sign a statement urging the next European Commission and newly-elected MEPs to provide the right framework to support the roll-out of hydrogen infrastructure across the entire EU.
This includes revising the EU’s Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive to include mandatory targets for hydrogen, developing new financial instruments for infrastructure investments, as well as tapping into existing EU funding mechanisms (eg the Connecting Europe Facility).
A strategic plan for the pan-European deployment of infrastructure for fuel cell vehicles needs to be put in place, which also has to take into account the specific requirements of trucks, such as large storage capacities and strategic locations (eg logistic centres).
European industry players are at the forefront of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, and future policies at national and European level should confirm this leadership.
“Along with other alternatively-powered vehicles, fuel cell vehicles hold a strong potential to help make the transition to zero-emission mobility,” stated ACEA’s Director-General, Eric-Mark Huitema during the signing ceremony. “But their ability to reach this potential depends on a network of hydrogen refuelling stations being built up right across Europe. Today, there are just 125 hydrogen stations in the EU, so there is much work to be done in the coming years.” “We are pleased to start this intensive cooperation with ACEA and IRU on hydrogen mobility.
Nowadays, it is broadly acknowledged that hydrogen is one of the right solutions for the hard-to abate sectors, especially when it comes to long-range and heavy-duty vehicles,” said Jorgo Chatzimarkakis, Secretary-General of Hydrogen Europe. “A precondition is the right legal framework to incentivise the production of low carbon or renewable hydrogen, and the respective fuelling infrastructure.”
“Hydrogen is an interesting solution for commercial vehicles due to its high energy content and operational flexibility for transport operators,” commented Matthias Maedge, General Delegate for the IRU in Brussels.