The World Bank argues that Latin America has the potential to become one of the most competitive regions in the world in the production of green hydrogen by 2030. According to the latest regional report from its H2LAC platform, although the level of progress varies, there are already 13 operational projects on the continent and over 70 under development.
Chile leads the way with nearly thirty initiatives ranging from the application of hydrogen in public and cargo transportation to the production of green methanol or ammonia for the explosives industry.
Some of these projects include “H2 Magallanes,” driven by the French company Total Eren, which will involve port facilities; the pilot project “Haru Oni” by the Chilean company HIF, the Italian Enel Green Power, and the multinational Siemens Energy, aiming to create e-fuels in the Magallanes region; and the “HyEx” project by the French energy company Engie and the Chilean Enaex in Antofagasta.
Colombia is another country that is becoming increasingly visible in the green hydrogen sector, although most of the projects – about a dozen – are still in the study phase. The initiatives range from the construction of an H2V hub to supply the steel industry, to the production of fuel from renewable energy surpluses, mobility, and industrial use. There is already a green hydrogen initiative in operation at the Cartagena de Indias refinery by the company Ecopetrol, powered by solar panels, and another project by the natural gas provider Promigas.
Uruguay is working on the “H2U” pilot, a strategy that can be applied to both heavy transportation and the production of green ammonia and fertilizers. Another noteworthy project is the “Tambor Green Hydrogen Hub,” driven by the German company Enertrag in cooperation with the Uruguayan SEG Ingeniería, with the aim of constructing an H2V production plant and derivatives such as methanol in Tacuarembó.
Argentina has a functioning clean hydrogen production plant in Comodoro Rivadavia, managed by the local company Hychico. Months ago, authorities announced the arrival of the “Pampas” project in the province of Río Negro, a multimillion-dollar initiative focused on industrial-scale H2V production, led by the Australian company Fortescue Future Industries.
In Brazil, the company EDP recently obtained its first molecule of green hydrogen at its new production plant in São Gonçalo do Amarante, in the state of Ceará, in the northeast of the country. The production of this molecule is the first step of the green hydrogen pilot project at the Pecém power station, where clean fuel with renewable origin guarantee will be generated, and a roadmap with scalability scenario analysis will be developed, considering all stages of the hydrogen production chain. The project includes a 3 MW solar power plant and a state-of-the-art electrolyzer module with a capacity to produce 250 Nm3/h of gas.
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