The Norwegian Public Roads Administration is now challenging shipping companies and technology lanes to create a partially hydrogen-powered ferry. On Thursday, a separate development contract became apparent.
"This development contract will provide an economic basis for plowing new land. This is an important step in the green shift in the maritime sector. It is important to make our ferry business green,"
says Terje Moe Gustavsen, road director.
The world's first
It was a similar development contract that enabled the world's first clean battery operated in a regular relationship between Lavik and Oppedal over the Sognefjord from February 2015. Elferja 'Ampere' was put into operation only four years after the development work started.
Today, there are no comparable hydrogen-powered vessels in operation. The ambition is to push zero-emission technology a long way further.
"It will require a lot of development work to bunk and operate a vessel of hydrogen, which will be the core of technology development," said the road director.
The development trip will take place at Hjelmeland-Nesvik-Skipavik on RV. 13 within Stavanger. Operation of the connection for ten years is included in the contract. The requirements of the contract will reduce CO2 emissions by over 4,000 tonnes / year compared to today.
Zero Discharge Solutions
Hydrogen-powered ferries are intended to allow for zero-emission solutions for ferry operations over extended stretches than the battery reaches.
"If we succeed in hydrogen-powered ferries, it will also have transfer value to other parts of the sea, which need more range than electrical operations alone can provide, for example, speedboats and other coastal transport," says Gustavsen.
It is a requirement in this announcement that the hydrogen-powered ferry should also be capable of being fully electrically powered by cargo from the dock so that the route service is maintained even if there is a problem with the hydrogen operation.
"When using hydrogen, the emissions are just water (H2O), we avoid CO2 emissions and local pollution that diesel engines stand for. The goal of the project is to enter into a contract with a shipping company that, together with the supplier industry, will develop maritime hydrogen-based zero-drop technology, "says the road director.
More «green ferries»
In addition to the zero-lease contract, the Norwegian Public Roads Administration also went out on Thursday with the framework for ferry connections Molde - Vestnes in Møre og Romsdal and Mannheller - Fodnes / Hella - Vangsnes - Dragsvik in Sogn og Fjordane.
Over the Romsdalsfjord there will be four ferries with two full electrics and two that can charge on each trip and with biofuel or LNG as an alternative to electricity. The requirements will reduce CO2 emissions by 17,000 tonnes / year compared to today's solution.
On the stretches Mannheller - Fodnes and Hella - Vangnes - Dragsvik there will be five ferries that will take most of the energy from the mains and with biofuels as an alternative. Here will be saved at the bottom of 9,000 tonnes / year with CO2 emissions.
The 11 ferries in Thursday's announcement round will result in four zero-emission ferries and seven low-emission ferries. These will together reduce CO2 emissions by 30,000 tonnes / year compared to today's solutions. This corresponds to the annual emissions of about 15,000 cars.
"We are now in full swing with the green shift on the ferries. Norway is leading world-wide. This puts more effort on the work. The rest of the ferry world is closely monitored. Within a few years, a large number of ferries will be zero or low-cost ferries. These 11 are an important part of this, says Terje Moe Gustavsen, Road Director.