The hydrogen corridor between Spain-France and Andorra is configured as one of the main initiatives to favor the development of this alternative fuel
The electric car and natural gas as fuel are two of the alternatives currently being discussed to replace gasoline and diesel.But hydrogen is not far behind, especially in some countries in Europe and Asia, where cars use gas. The circulation of hydrogen vehicles on Spanish roads will be a reality before the end of 2020 , according to the forecast made by experts in the field during the Conference "Hydrogen in transport: infrastructure and vehicles" organized by the Spanish Association of Hydrogen (AeH2) in the framework of the Genera Fair held in IFEMA (Madrid).
Thus, European Union Directive 2014/94 obliged each member country to develop a National Framework for Alternative Energy in Transportation before the endof 2016 . Hydrogen, unlike other fuels (such as LPG or biofuels), has its own chapter in the Directive and although the development of infrastructures for refueling (hydrogen) is optional, Spain has decided to consider it in the National Action Framework Given the potential for our country.
Antonio González, vice president of AeH2 , representing the National Institute of Aerospace Technology has moderated the debate in which the main advantages of hydrogen as an alternative fuel in transportation have been explained.
Mª Luz Peláez, representative of the Ministry of Economy , Industry and Competitiveness, has analyzed some of the peculiarities of the National Action Framework and the public commitment to hydrogen due to the advantages it maintains, such as its independence from outside in terms of energy supply.
In addition, it has also explained that the six hydrogeneras existing in Spain (Albacete, Huesca, Zaragoza, two in Seville and one in Puertollano) will add three in Aragon and one in Catalonia . Peláez added that Spain has an incentive plan for the acquisition of hydrogen cars (Plan Movea). These vehicles have a classification 0 by the DGT, which allows them to circulate at any time regardless of the level of pollution.
The Hydrogen Corridor between Spain and France and Andorra (H2PiyR Initiative) was presented during the Workshop and was presented by Fernando Palacín, managing director of the Hydrogen Aragon Foundation , an initiative that will make it possible to circulate Hydrogen by all the territory that forms part of the Corridor thanks to the installation of 10 hydrogenators.
The initiative has an investment of 4 million euros and is configured as a key factor for the various economic activities involved, as well as the corresponding impacts on sustainable mobility, industrial and energy implies.
For its part, María Jaén , Managing Director of the National Hydrogen Center, has given an overview of the international scene in the matter of hydrogen in transport. According to his vision, several European countries stand out for their policies (Scandinavia, United Kingdom, Germany, Brussels and Italy). In this line the role of Germany has been highlighted, with objectives for 2025 that are in the 500.00 vehicles, the construction of more than 500 hydropower plants and the creation of 10,000 jobs.
Infrastructure in Spain and use of H2
During the day have also analyzed the uses of hydrogen in transport ; Daniel Sopeña, head of hydrogen projects at the CIDAUT Foundation, has highlighted its key role in eliminating emissions in this sector, as only 38% of these come from public transport. In this sense, has admitted that Europe has a leading role , has 67 buses of hydrogen and is expected to reach 140 in the next three years.He has reviewed the different uses in ships, submarines, trains, trolleys or airplanes.
Juan Fernández, representative of Abengoa Innovation, has shaped the reality of hydrogeneras in Spain . During his speech, he analyzed the operation of these and highlighted several projects in Seville and Madrid.
For its part, África Castro, H2B2 Business Development department , added that hydrogen is a viable alternative to break with the high percentage of dependence we have on non-renewable sources (73%), little Viable in the long term. In this line also highlighted the reduced final cost of production of this energy, which is 83% the price of the own electricity used for its production
Enrique Centeno , Director of Communication for Toyota España , and Javier Arboleda, Service Senior Manager of Hyundai, reviewed the configuration of the hydrogen vehicles and presented the trends in the future of the development of this type of cars. Both also presented the models that their companies have recently launched to the market (Toyota Mirai and Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell) and the placing of both marks by this new market.
Antonio González, vice-president of AeH2 , stressed the importance of coordination between the Administration, manufacturers, private companies and other entities in order to achieve a leading role in a highly relevant economic market.