Starfire Energy with the help of Enapter’s technology is developing modular systems to produce carbon-free ammonia. We are doing this because ammonia can be used as a fuel to power nearly anything from utility plants to fuel cell vehicles.
Ammonia has 9X the energy density of Li-ion batteries, 1.8X the energy density of liquid hydrogen, and 2.8X the energy density of 10,000 psi compressed hydrogen. It stores and transports cheaply using well-developed technologies, codes, and standards. It can be used directly as a fuel or it can be ‘cracked’ and its hydrogen harvested more cheaply than storing and transporting liquid hydrogen.
Ammonia has been produced, transported, and handled for more than 100 years so has a lot of codes, standards, and infrastructure for it – it is a known quantity when it comes to how to work with it.
Ammonia’s only problem today is that it is made using fossil fuels, which emits 2 tonnes of CO2 for every 1 tonne of ammonia produced. Starfire Energy is fixing that problem.
Our ammonia reactor can directly follow the variable output from wind and solar power plants. We don’t use any fossil fuels at all, so there are no CO2 emissions during carbon-free ammonia production or use!
Starfire Energy is changing the way ammonia is used. Our ammonia cracking technology operates at lower temperatures than the industry standard. We can use it to change how ammonia burns or even deliver pure hydrogen if needed. Our technology addresses everything from carbon-free ammonia fuel production to end use.
Our technology is being designed into modular systems that can be quickly deployed based on market demand, which reduces business risk. Facilities can be scaled up by adding more modules to stay in sync with market demand.
Stay in Sync With Market Demand
Both the green ammonia and green hydrogen ecosystems are growing rapidly. However, with rapid growth comes rapid cost reductions. You don’t want to be caught overbuilding capacity and getting caught with financially obsolete production capacity. At the same time you need rapid deployment and predictable costs and schedules.
Our modular architecture is comprised of various sub-modules of a turnkey ammonia plant delivered in pre-wired and pre-plumbed shipping containers. These units are designed to be easily interconnected on-site for fast and predictable project schedules. Approximately 80% of the system assembly is achieved in a mass production factory setting with the balance, primarily civil work, performed onsite. The system can be brought online incrementally during construction to quickly start generating revenue.
Starfire Energy’s modular Rapid Ramp carbon-free anhydrous ammonia plants allow you to incrementally add capacity as market demand ramps. Our growing network of EPC partners can deliver turnkey plants on your site. We offer turnkey hydrogen modules or can work with your existing hydrogen source.
For the carbon-free hydrogen market our Prometheus cracker can deliver high purity hydrogen for the fuel cell market. Used together our ammonia synthesis plant and cracker systems can deliver a variety of ammonia/hydrogen blend ratios to replace diesel, natural gas and other fossil fuels in existing and/or modified internal combustion engines and gas turbines. The Prometheus cracker systems have a modular architecture similar to the Rapid Ramp synthesis plants. For developing application markets such as FCEV fueling infrastructure this allows capacity to be added as the regional fleet grows.
Source: Enapter + Starfire Energy