LONDON--The Electric Grid Operator recently published its report and believes that in order for the UK to achieve net-zero it needs to use a range of technologies including, hydrogen, carbon capture and storage (CCS).
In its report, the NGO states that “The energy system must evolve while safely and reliably delivering low carbon energy to end consumers; when and where they need it to meet net-zero. This will involve increasing scale, complexity and interdependency of energy conversions from one fuel to another as well as the importance of flexibility to manage differences in when and where energy is produced and consumed”
This report explores the assumptions and conclusions from the extensive modeling, research, and stakeholder engagement we have undertaken and is supported by the suite of FES documents and data sets.
The headline messages from FES 2020 are:
- Reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 is achievable. However, this requires immediate action across all key technologies and policy areas, and full engagement across society and end consumers.
- Hydrogen and carbon capture and storage must be deployed for net-zero. Industrial scale demonstration projects need to be operational this decade.
- The economics of energy supply and demand fundamentally shift in a net-zero world. Markets must evolve to provide incentives for investment in flexibility and zero-carbon generation.
Hydrogen and carbon capture and storage must be deployed for net-zero. Industrial scale demonstration projects need to be operational this decade.
What this means
- Many different technologies can be used to produce hydrogen. Policy support is required as market signals do not currently provide strong enough investment signals to scale the technology at the pace required. Strategic direction is required to deliver at the lowest cost for consumers.
- Carbon Capture Usage and Storage (CCUS) development requires support and coordination across policy, regulation, and industry.
- Hydrogen electrolysers can support integration of renewable generation. When paired with hydrogen storage and power generation, they can also provide seasonal flexibility which is important for whole system planning.
What we’ve found
In a net-zero world, fossil fuels need to be replaced by electricity and hydrogen for transport and heating. At the same time, consumers must be willing to change how and when they use energy and be prepared to change to more energy-efficient technologies.
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Source: National Grid FES